History of Pyramid!



Kanak Joty, Contributing Correspondent, Barta24.com
Photo: Collected

Photo: Collected

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Although the Egyptian pyramids are world famous, the earliest inhabitants of Mesopotamia, the center of ancient civilization, built pyramid-shaped structures called 'Jigurat' and were painted in bright golden / copper colors.

That idea of a pyramid took on a different form many years later in Egypt, the land of the Nile. The Egyptians firmly believed that their souls survived after death. So the Egyptians were restless in thinking that there would be no problem in the next life, so that life could be enjoyed. Depending on the importance of the person, importance was given to this matter. The more important the person, the more important he became.

The Egyptians believed that the survival or return of the soul depended on the survival of the corpse. That is why they used to mummy for the purpose of preserving corpses. In addition, the soul needs various things to survive. So they used to give daily necessities, especially food and chess to the corpses. The head of the tomb was responsible for protecting the corpse and its utensils from robbers. But the pyramids were also built to show how much wealth and power the person buried in the grave had. So the corpses of the pharaohs were buried with huge treasures. Valuables were also given to the graves of the rich of the society. Even the graves of the lower classes were left with a small amount of food.

Ancient Egyptian rulers or kings were called Pharaohs. Pyramids are built to bury them. Egypt has 75 small and large pyramids. The largest and most interesting is the Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu. It was built about 5000 BC ago. Its height is about 481 feet. It is set on 755 square feet of land. It took about 20 years to built and with the help of about 1 lakh workers. The pyramid was built with huge sized pieces of stone. Each piece of stone weighed about 60 tons, and was about 30 to 40 feet long. These were collected from distant hills. Pyramids were made by jointing stones with stones.

A painting on a four-thousand-year-old tomb shows a huge pillar being moved on a sled; many people are pulling that sled with a rope. And one of them is pouring water from a pot on the sand. This reduces the friction by about half. In this way one block weighing two and a half tons was taken away.

The pyramid is actually known as the tomb or 'house of the dead soul'. Pyramid structures were built in descending layers on a square, oval or rectangular base. It is a type of geometric shape of structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and which meets at a point at the top. The pyramid is located on a polygonal ground. The ground of a pyramid can be a polygon of any size and its sides can be a triangle of any size. A pyramid has at least three triangular side surfaces, i.e. the pyramid has at least four floors including the ground. A square pyramid is a pyramid that is located on a square ground and has four triangular sides. This type of pyramid is widely used. The pyramid is designed so that most of its weight is close to the ground, so that its center of volume is one-fourth of the vertical distance from the top.

The Wonder of the World pyramid was built in ancient world thousands of years ago in an amazing art form. Although it was originally a cemetery, it is now one of the world's leading tourist spots. Heading into the sandy desert, Africa's main river, the Nile, touches the Nile, and the pyramid reveals an unforgettable display of human civilization.