Outgoing 2019 was the year of Twitter politics



Zaved Pirjada, Contributing Editor, Barta24.com
photo: barta24.com

photo: barta24.com

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The year 2019 is nearing to end. 2019 was a hotcake of Twitter politics. Donald Trump is at the top of the world to tweet. Only then is Modi of India. But in our country, Twitter politics has not yet grown. Although Twitter politics began a few years ago, the Madison Journal reported on December 26 that Twitter politics had increased over 20 years.

Modi and Imran took to Twitter battle over the Kashmir situation.

Popular social media Twitter announced in last October that it would ban political advertising on its site. The announcement was made in a tweet by Jack Dorsey, the company's CEO. They are taking this step in the face of growing criticism over misinformation of politicians through social media. This was a news by AFP and BBC.

In a message on Twitter, CEO Jack Dorsey said, "The Company has taken this step because of the growing problem caused by misleading information and absolutely false news reports."

Terming a new policy, Dorsey said, "The new policy of Twitter will prohibit advertising for candidates who are competing in elections, as well as for political issues. He also confirmed that the details of the policy will be released next month. But the politicians are scoffing at this! ”

India today TV's consulting editor Rajdeep Sardesh said in a report in India's 'Scroll Dot in' on Friday that Modi was very close to being the world's most popular leader on Face book and Twitter ahead of the general election this year. On his personal page, verified 'Narendra Modi', Face book has over 10 million likes. Modi has become the most followed leader after US President Donald Trump, with more than 20 million followers on Twitter. He has over 120 videos on YouTube. On November 28, Instagram crossed 100 million followers.

Modi has a team of professional digital marketing personnel. Indian social media expert Professor Jayajit Pal says, "Before Modi, no Indian political leader was active in social media. However, the Prime Minister's Office controls all activities.”

The ‘hashtag Mae vi Chowkidar’ opened the page earlier this year. Amit Malibu, convener of the BJP's IT and Social Media Cell, said, "On January 27, he set up a team of 100,000 100,000 social media volunteers and created more than 3,000 WhatsApp and sharechat groups. Congress leader Rahul Gandhi lashed out at the suggestion to join Twitter a few years ago. And this year's BJP election slogan 'Ab Ki Bar Modi Sarkar' was one of India's most popular tweets. The results are now known to everyone.”

Social media, especially Twitter politicians and media, has emerged as the 'most important tool' in India's Lok Sabha elections. US-based Twitter Inc. says they have used the same tactics used in India in other countries' elections.

Face book, another popular social networking site, made similar announcements earlier. Rishi Jaitley, Twitter's market director in India, said, "Elections are the best time to see how much 'value added' Twitter can do. We want to spread what we have learned in the Indian elections all over the world. ”Twitter's top political strategist has flown to this country in Latin America to highlight the potential and importance of social media to Brazilian lawmakers. Like India, politicians have also used the 5-second video app 'Vine' to fight votes.

Voters have used the 'Tweet to Remember' feature in the midterm elections as in India. By making a tweet with this feature, users will be able to add their voting date to the mobile phone calendar. Twitter first became important as a political tool during the US presidential election in 2012.

Then in the days of the masses known as the Arab Spring, Twitter was used as an important means of organizing the movement.

Seven months before winning the election, US President Donald Trump promised at a rally that he would no longer use Twitter if he was elected president. Why? In April of 2016 election campaign he said, "This is not president-friendly." Trump has not stopped since being elected president. But not only has he continued to use Twitter since entering the White House, he has been spending a lot of time doing this. It appears that this year, he tweeted 2608. That is, he made more than seven tweets per day on average. Some of his tweets are very common and some are explosive. He later went on to argue in favor of his Twitter use, "It is modern-day president-friendly."

Analyzing the number of tweets President Trump has shown, he made up 42 percent of the six to nine in the morning. This time he watches more of the television. Co -incidentally his popular TV show 'Fox and Friends' aired in the morning. For the first seven months since coming to power, President Trump has tweeted just once about North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. And in that tweet, he praised the North Korean leader. But a month later, he tweeted Kim Jong-Un as "Mad man" or "Insane" and "Bette and Fat". President Trump is a former actor on Twitter and California. President Trump took to Twitter to dispute with former actor and former California state governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. London Mayor Sadiq Khan was also attacked.

Like world politics Twitter politics is also going on in our country. Prime Minister’s ICT adviser Sajib Wazed Joy in this regard is advanced in this field. He tweeted around 25 this year. However, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is not in Twitter politics. There is no BNP also. Bangladesh is lagging behind in Twitter politics. 

How to See the Sturgeon Full Moon, Last Supermoon of 2022



International Desk, Barta24.com
Photo: Collected

Photo: Collected

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The last supermoon of 2022 is set to shine this Thursday. Known as the sturgeon moon, the event is a perfect excuse to step outside at night to enjoy the celestial show. Take some binoculars and treat yourself to a closer view of our lunar neighbor's scenic craters.

The sturgeon moon nickname traces to the Maine Farmer's Almanac and its listing of Native American names for moons, said NASA's Gordon Johnston in a full moon guide for August and September. This is a good time of year to catch sturgeon fish.

While the moon will be full at 6:36 p.m. PT on Thursday, Johnston said it will appear full from Wednesday morning through Saturday morning, giving you multiple chances to revel in the view.

In case clouds, weather or other circumstances get in the way, you can tune in to the Virtual Telescope Project's full moon livestream from Rome at 10:30 p.m. PT on Aug. 11.

The term "supermoon" is inexact. It's meant to highlight those times when the moon is closest to Earth, which can make it appear slightly bigger and brighter. Johnston calls August's full moon a "marginal supermoon," saying it's the third closest full moon of the year. The June and July full moons were closer.

The beauty of the full moon is that it doesn't really matter if it's super or not. It's going to be gorgeous. All you need is the right timing, a clear sky and your eyes. As a bonus, we're also hitting the peak of the Perseid meteor shower, so look out for shooting stars, too. Check out these tips for spotting the Perseids even during a full moon.

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India's aviation regulatory body to allow transgender pilots to fly the planes



International Desk
India's aviation regulatory body to allow transgender pilots to fly the planes

India's aviation regulatory body to allow transgender pilots to fly the planes

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Taking a welcome step toward inclusivity and breaking the glass ceiling, India's civil aviation regulatory body Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) on Wednesday, for the first time, issued medical guidelines that will allow transgenders and non-binary individuals to fly aeroplanes in the country.

Reportedly, DGCA in its circular stated that transgender candidates who have completed their hormone therapy for transition or have gone under the knife more than five years ago will be able to fly the planes, after clearing mental health screening tests.

The mental health tests will be based on the blueprint laid out by World Professional Association for Transgender Health.

“Those transgender applicants who have been taking hormone therapy or had a gender reassignment surgery within the last five years will be screened for their mental health status,” read the circular.

As for those individuals that have completed their treatment within the last five years, they will have to undergo not only psychological and psychiatric evaluations but also submit a detailed evaluation from their endocrinologist as well as surgeon about any surgery that might have taken place in the last year.

If the candidate manages to tick every single box in the evaluation, then only they will be declared fit and allowed to sit in the cockpits.

Furthermore, those on life-long hormone therapy will only be admitted if they can prove that they have reached a stable dose. 

Meanwhile, the novices who have started the therapy or gone under the knife only recently will be deemed medically 'unfit' and will have to wait for a period of three months to seek another attempt. 

“If the applicant is on hormone replacement therapy (as applicable), as with any medication, on commencement of hormone therapy or any change in the drug or adjustment of its dose, the applicant will be declared medically ‘unfit’ for at least three months,”

According to DGCA, the medical guidelines are applicable for all categories of pilot's license viz. private pilot’s license, student’s pilot license and commercial pilot license.

However, a caveat of transgender persons being allowed to only fly as first officers has been added. In case a transgender pilot is the pilot-in-command, their co-pilot ought to have 250 hours of experience on that machine.

As reported by WION, India's first transgender pilot, 23-year-old Adam Harry was earlier declared unfit for flying an aircraft by the DGCA. It was Adam's efforts that led DGCA to bring about a sea of changes in its policy.

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Details emerge about Crimea blast



News Desk, Barta24.com
Details emerge about Crimea blast, Photo collected.

Details emerge about Crimea blast, Photo collected.

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According to international media reports, the damage at a Russian air base in Crimea appears to be worse than the Kremlin initially claimed.

After a series of explosions on Tuesday, Crimea’s leader declared a state of emergency and said that more than 250 people had to evacuate from their homes. Officials on the Russian-occupied peninsula said at least one person was killed and dozens more were wounded.

Ukraine has not officially taken responsibility for the explosions. But a senior military official said Ukraine’s special forces and partisan resistance fighters were behind the blast.

As per experts analysis, the blasts could be important, because any Ukrainian attack on Russian forces in the Crimean Peninsula would be a significant expansion of Ukraine’s offensive efforts. Until now, Ukraine has focused on pushing Russians back from territories occupied after the invasion began.

In terms of nuclear plant, Russian missiles killed 13 people near a Russian-held nuclear plant in the south, a Ukrainian official said. Russia may try to divert its electricity to Crimea, which could intensify military competition for the plant and heighten the risk of an accident.

Press reports further said that Russian investigators detained a former state television journalist yesterday, months after she staged a rare on-air protest against the war in Ukraine.

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Top 10 Nations With The Most Smartphone Users



Maria Gourtsilidou
Top 10 Nations With The Most Smartphone Users

Top 10 Nations With The Most Smartphone Users

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The country with the most smartphone users is China. More than 950 million people use smartphones in China. This means that the Chinese market is larger than that of India, the US, and Indonesia combined.

After China, in second place in the world is India. Smartphone users in India amount to 493 million. In third place in the world is the United States, with 274 million users. The USA is followed by Indonesia, with 170 million smartphone users.

Brazil with 119 million users, Russia with 102 million, Japan with 83 million users, and Mexico with 75 million are the next largest smartphone markets worldwide. Lastly, Vietnam with 67 million and Germany with 66 million users complete the top ten.

The data from Statista.com shows the number of smartphone users in the US from 2018 to 2025. By the year 2022, the number of smartphone users in the United States is estimated to reach 301.65 million. This number will further rise in the coming years. By 2023, the number of smartphone users in the United States is estimated to reach 305.1 million. In 2024, the number of smartphone users in the United States is estimated to reach 308.39 million, while in 2025, the number of smartphone users in the United States is estimated to reach 311.53 million.

Although the smartphone penetration rate as a share of the population in the United States in 2010 was 20.2%, it soon rose to higher levels. For example, in 2015, the smartphone penetration rate as a share of the population in the United States was 59,4%, in 2018 was 69,6%, in 2020 was 72,2% and in 2021 was 72,7%.
Statista.com indicates that the popularity of the smartphone in the US has risen immensely since Apple introduced its first iPhone in 2007.

The first iPhone was quite different from other smartphones. This is because it used a large touchscreen for finger input rather than a stylus, keypad, or keyboard. It was in 2008 that the first smartphone to use the Android OS (HTC Dream) was released. Although people using this OS were not many at the beginning, it has since grown to be the most used operating system over the years.

The smartphone industry, despite problems in 2021, such as low stock availability, increased sales compared to 2020. Limited stocks in popular models are expected to postpone some of the potential sales for 2022.

Smartphone sales revenue between the years 2013 and 2020 reached 409 billion dollars, according to Statista.com. More specifically, between the years 2013 and 2018, the greatest smartphone sales value compared to other regions was reported in China. In China, smartphone sales value between 2013 and 2018 reached almost 153 billion dollars. At the same time, smartphone sales value reached 84 billion dollars between 2013 and 2017 in North America, while the value of smartphone sales in Western Europe between 2013 and 2017 reached 56 billion dollars.

There are some top manufacturers of smartphones on the market. For example, Huawei’s market share of smartphone shipments during Q4 2020 was 8.4%, while Samsung’s global smartphone market share was 20.6%. At the same time, Apple’s smartphone sales market share worldwide is 23.4%. Not to forget to mention that according to data from Statista.com, the Android operating system market share worldwide is 85.9%.

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