Discussion on Indo-Bangladesh relations held in the capital



Special Correspondent, Barta24.com, Dhaka
photo: barta24

photo: barta24

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The people Bangladesh expect that India will not do any thing that may create uncertainty and distrust the people of the two countries.

On Friday (Dec.6) foreign minister AK Abdul Momen said this while speaking on the contributions of India in the great liberation war of 1971 and relations between the two countries.

He said that on this day India had created a history by according recognition to Bangladesh. In the Freedom struggle the contributions of India is unthinkable. India created a history by giving shelters to one crore refugees.

About 17000 Indian soldiers laid down their lives in the liberation war. So the help of India during liberation war cannot be repaid. 

Momen said that in last two decades the relations between the two countries has reached a new height which has been described by PM Narendra Modi as the Golden era.  

Momen expressed his optimism that the existing friendly relations between Bangladesh and India will further strengthen in the coming days.

The Indian High Commissioner Riva Ganguly Das said a friendly relationship was built between Bangladesh and India through the Liberation War.

She said the relations will remain intact and strengthen further in coming days for the economic development of the two neighboring countries.

The discussion was arranged by the Ekattorer Ghatak Dalal Nirmul Committee which was chaired by its adviser Justice AHM Shamshuddin Chowdhury Manik held at National Museum. 

Momen expressed his optimism that the existing friendly relations between Bangladesh and India will further strengthen in the coming days.

The Indian High Commissioner said a friendly relationship was built between Bangladesh and India through the Liberation War.

She said the relations will remain intact and strengthen further in coming days for the economic development of the two neighboring countries.

The Embassy’s celebration of the 73rd and 92ndbirth anniversaries of Sheikh Kamal and Bangamata



News Desk, Barta24.com
The Embassy’s celebration of the 73rd and 92ndbirth anniversaries of Sheikh Kamal and Bangamata

The Embassy’s celebration of the 73rd and 92ndbirth anniversaries of Sheikh Kamal and Bangamata

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The Embassy of Bangladesh in Manama, Bahrain celebrated the 92nd birth anniversary of Bangamata Begum FazilatunNesa Mujib, the courageous and persevering spouse of our Father of the Nation, at the Chancery building today at 4:00 pm local time with due fervour, dignity, and solemnity. The event commenced with recitation from the Holy Quran followed by reading out messages from the Hon’ble President and the Hon’ble Prime Minister, the eldest daughter of Bangamata, on the occasion. The event then featured the screening of a 6-minute video documentary highlighting the life, struggles, contributions, and accomplishments of Bangamata, whose support as well as utmost and unselfish dedication to her husband’s dream of building a “Sonar Bangla” (Golden Bengal) despite all the hardships that she and her family had to endure led to her recognition as a fearless companion of Bangabandhu in crisis and struggle.

In his statement, the Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. of the Embassy, Mr. A.K.M. Mohiuddin Kayes, paid deep tribute to the great Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and recalled how all the sacrifice, dedication, and support he received fromhis loving wife in addition to being a true companion to him and being a source of his strength, courage, and inspiration that ultimately aided him in freeing the nation from its iron shackles will forever be remembered by the people of this proud nation. Mr. Kayes also recounted Bangamata’s steadfast leadership of the nation during her husband’s wrongful imprisonment and in spite of all the obstacles that stood in her way and the opposition she had to face at the time. He ended his speech by stating that she will always be a symbol of great courage and sacrifice along with being the “inspiration of indomitable Bangladesh” to all Bangladeshis until the end of time.

Moreover, the Embassy also celebrated the 73rd birth anniversary of the freedom fighter Shaheed Captain Sheikh Kamal as well at the Chancery building on 05 August 2022 and in a befitting manner with due dignity.As always, the event commenced with recitation from the Holy Quran followed by reading out messages from the Hon’ble President and the Hon’ble Prime Minister on the occasion.The event then featured the screening of a 5-minute video documentary highlighting the life, contributions, and major accomplishments of Bangabandhu’s eldest son, a valiant freedom fighter and a role model for the youth for his contributions to the advancement of Bangladesh’s sports and culture.

The CDA, a.i. spoke about Shaheed Captain Sheikh Kamal with profound respect, particularly how he will always be a role model for the youth of Bangladesh by talking about his lifeand how his down-to-earth lifestyle, ideals, intellect, honesty, feelings of intense patriotism, and democratic values mirrored his father’s perfectly. Mr. Kayes also spoke about the valiant freedom fighter’s role in the great Liberation War in addition to drawing attention to Sheikh Kamal’s love for not only playing sports like football, cricket, and hockey, but also promoting them to the youth of a post-independence nation.Mr. Kayes further added that he was also an avid fan of playing the Sitar, singing, taking part in plays, and participating in extempore speech competitions as well.

Both events came to a conclusion with a special prayer for the salvation of the departed souls of Bangabandhu, Bangamata, their eldest son Captain Sheikh Kamal, and 14 other members of the Mujib family who were brutally assassinated at the pre-dawn hours of 15 August 1975 in a coup led by disgruntled army personnel and other co-conspirators.

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A Cease-Fire in Gaza



News Desk, Barta24.com
Israel and Gaza have entered a period of calm following a weekend

Israel and Gaza have entered a period of calm following a weekend

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Israel and Gaza have entered a period of calm following a weekend of fighting which began last Friday night when Israel bombed the Palestinian enclave.

Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid said the bombings were necessary to counter “an immediate threat.” He also highlighted Islamic Jihad’s links to Iran, reminding his audience that its leader was at that moment in Tehran.

Islamic Jihad’s response, to fire hundreds of rockets at major Israeli population centers, had little effect. The missiles either fell short or were intercepted by Israel’s Iron Dome defenses.

It is unclear whether a cease-fire, arranged by Egyptian authorities on Sunday night between the Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad and the Israeli government, will hold.

At least 44 people were killed—all in Gaza—since the initial bombing in the largest round of fighting since May last year. Several children are believed to be among the dead.

Francesca Albanese, the U.N. special rapporteur for the Palestinian territories said the strikes were “not only are illegal but irresponsible,” and called for a lifting of the blockade of the enclave, put in place by Israel and Egypt since 2007.

The U.S. response was muted, as U.S. National Security Council spokesperson John Kirby spoke of support for both Israel’s right to defense as well as the Biden administration’s support for a two-state solution.

The most recent exchange stands out from the last few rounds in that Hamas, the larger militant group and the governing authority in Gaza, was not involved.

Aaron David Miller, a Middle East expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said Israel’s choice of a much weaker adversary this time around is a reflection not just of the strength of Hamas but of Israeli calculations that the two groups would not coordinate.

With part of the cease-fire agreement reportedly involving the release of Islamic Jihad prisoners, the group will likely lie low and assess its position, Miller said: “They’ve lost some significant military commanders in Gaza and a lot of infrastructure, and they’ve lost any sense that Hamas is willing, at least for the foreseeable future, to support their activities.”

With Hamas keeping its hands clean, the latest spark seems destined to fizzle out. Israeli bombs aren’t just destructive, however—they can also be converted into political capital: Caretaker Prime Minister Yair Lapid has already seized the opportunity to play wartime leader, hastily arranging a security briefing over the weekend (grudgingly attended by his nemesis and electoral challenger, former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu).

“I think there’s probably less here than meets the eye in terms of any strategic shift. It may carry more consequences for Israeli politics, because Lapid—with no military [combat] experience, no high school diploma—needs between now and November 1 to demonstrate the fact that he can be prime ministerial, that he can show judgment in dealing with security issues.”

But Miller cautioned against any further risk-taking on Lapid’s part between now and Nov. 1: “The last thing that Lapid needs is an open-ended confrontation in Gaza that gets out of control. That would be very bad for Lapid and would be a huge talking point for Netanyahu.”

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Public health implications of public toilet congestion



Pinky Akter
Public toilet

Public toilet

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Shahana Akhtar is an employee of a private multimedia company, working in the marketing department. And for her work, she has to be outside most of the day. Recently she is suffering from a urine infection. Often, she is affected by this disease. she often holds his urine due to the inadequacy of public toilets, mainly due to being outside for long periods. The doctor told her that it was the cause of his urine infection.

There are currently more than 6.5 core women and men working in the country. The average rate is 70 percent for men and 30 percent for women. But still, women's public toilets are not being increased compared to that. It is estimated that there are about 50 lakh workers in Dhaka. But compared to that in this city of traffic congestion, public toilets are still lacking.

And the public toilets in the city that have been made by the city corporation have a shortage of various amenities including cleanliness, which women are mostly reluctant to use. Talking to many women in the city about this, they say so.

 Ayesha Haque is a housewife, she has to travel from Notunbazar to Bashundhara every day to bring her daughter to school. she had to sit in the car for a long time in a traffic jam. And when she caught urine, she held it. While sharing her Eid shopping experience, she said that while using a public toilet, she found a man in charge which she found uncomfortable. she even talked about the lack of cleanliness in the toilet.

Not only the cities but also the rural areas have further deteriorated. The provision of public toilets for women during long journeys is negligible.

In this regard, Ferdusi Begum, working in a Plan International NGO, said that the problem of public toilets is a long-standing one that should be solved now. she said that it is important to have toilets for both men and women every 5 kilometers in the city.

Doctors say, holding the toilet and urine for a long time causes women to suffer from various physical complications. They said that not only women, but men can also suffer from various complications including urinary tract infections.

"The most common cause of this is a urinary tract infection, or UTI, which is called a urinary tract infection. It's from bacteria that grow in the bladder when you hold urine for too long. It then creates other problems. For example, if someone has a UTI repeatedly, it's a female reproductive tract. can hurt power."

According to Doctor, urine contains toxins like urea and amino acids.

As a result, long-term retention can lead to toxic substances reaching the kidneys and forming kidney stones. In the big cities of the country including Dhaka, the incidence of this disease is increasing among both men and women.

"Also, holding back urine can cause the bladder to swell. Also, if someone has pre-existing kidney problems and holds back regularly, their kidneys will gradually begin to lose function."

Because of this, various types of infections including blood infections can occur.

Dr. says that simply holding the toilet can cause breathing problems and bacterial infections. heaven

Besides, a person can also experience severe pain while urinating.

Women's organizations and social scientists say that working women and students in urban areas in Bangladesh mainly hold down the toilet when they go out. It is not only the inadequacy of public toilets on the streets that is responsible for this. Inadequacy of toilets especially in public places like workplaces, shopping malls, hospitals, or parks is responsible.

On the surface, it can be seen that the daily movement of about 5 million people in this city is completely negligible in public toilets. In many areas, mismanagement and indifference are also observed. And since the toilet is far away, the city commuters are not getting this proper civic service.

Water Aid, a non-governmental organization, has developed a smartphone-based application to provide information on public toilets across the country. In this app, information on the four main national highways of the country and public toilets located in Dhaka is available. In this app, the location and facilities of public toilets can be known through the user's GPS location or direct search. In this regard, Water Aid program manager (Urban Wash) Babul Bala said, by ensuring the facilities of public toilets nationwide, the organization is working with the city corporation and local administration to construct and renovate public toilets. However, he commented that City Corporation toilets have become more commercial than ensuring civic amenities. He also said, 'We have seen on the ground that most of the toilets do not have adequate water and electronic facilities, besides, many times women feel uncomfortable there.

Mobile toilets are seen in different places of the city which are not at all suitable for use by women. Most of them lie in useless, abandoned conditions.

In this regard, the two city corporations said that the number of public toilets has increased compared to earlier and more construction is underway.

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Environmental pollution is adversely affecting the biodiversity of the Sundarbans



Pinky Akter
Environmental pollution is adversely affecting the biodiversity of the Sundarbans

Environmental pollution is adversely affecting the biodiversity of the Sundarbans

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The Sundarbans, a sanctuary for animals, is more affected by climate change than by human pollution. As the altitude is lower than the sea level, whenever the sea level rises, it directly affects the Sundarbans. The flow of fresh water in the forest is decreasing. Excess of silt and salt water in rivers is increasing. As a result biodiversity is facing severe loss. due to severe floods every year, the areas of Sundarbans are losing land due to erosion. land erosion has increased in the southern region. especially Cutka and Mandar Bari areas are being eroded and disappearing into the sea. By this, the habitat of the animals is shrinking. In addition to climate change, the rivers, canals and streams flowing through the beautiful forest are being polluted by humans in various ways. Due to the construction of infrastructure, pollution from ships, the amount of oil is increasing along with salinity in the river water which is a threat to life and nature.

According to a study, around 2010, the amount of oil per liter of water in Pashur River was the maximum of 10.8 milligrams. And now it has increased almost sixfold, to 68 mg. In addition, on December 9, 2014, the Sundarbans suffered massive damage due to the sinking of a tank carrying three and a half lakh liters of furnace oil. Later there were several incidents of shipwrecks of potash, coal and clinker in rivers flowing through the forest.

Excess salinity in water, storm surges are making it unsafe for animals to drink water inside the forest, the number and intensity of storms has increased compared to before, and animal reproduction is also being disrupted.

Professor of Zoology Department of Jahangirnagar University. Monirul H Khan said, the Sundarbans environment is being irreparably damaged by humans.

An average of 3 to 5 tigers are killed by poachers every year. Poachers hunt tigers primarily for their skins and bones, which are sold for millions of rupees. In China and East Asian countries, the huge demand for tiger organs is increasing, and the world's endangered animals, the tigers, are dying. According to environmentalists, after 1975 the Sundarbans did not have any more tigers.

In 1999, up to 10 km around the forest was declared an 'Environmentally Critical Area' or ECA. And according to the Environment Protection Act, any type of factory is prohibited in ECA. Whereas in a document presented to the court by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change itself, it is said that 190 factories have valid permission to set up within 10 kilometers of the Sundarbans. The actual situation is more delicate. In the last eight to ten years, more than half a hundred heavy industrial companies have been established. These include hazardous factories like cement factories, LP gas plants, oil refineries, bitumen, sea food processing. And their liquid waste is dumped into the POSHUR river, which then flows into the Sundarbans, polluting the water and soil.

According to local fishermen, the reproductive capacity of fish has decreased compared to earlier. Many fish are almost extinct. Among them Pangos, Chakkhoda, Bangas, kaine, Medamash, Chakul/shapla pata, Armash, Gongune, Payra, Tade, Rayna, Bashpata fish, Gulemash, Chamogulo, Feshafish, Kharkull, Kaibol fish are notable.

Environmental activis Ram krishna claim that aquatic animals are disappearing due to illegal use of pesticides, poisoning and fishing in current nets.

The number of crocodiles has decreased. Birds are not seen in the forest like before. For example - Tarkael, Vulture, Fox, Crow, Darkak, Pecha, Snake, Dhade, Bugdasha, Tortoise, Madantak, Pankauri, Shankal, Pakch, Tia, Fye, Dharibak, Kuchbak Kolrob are no more. And all this is happening due to climate change and environmental pollution, said local environmentalists.

Meanwhile, in 2010, the St. Petersburg World Tiger Conference in Russia announced the doubling of the number of tigers, but Bangladesh has not been able to achieve that goal yet.

In this regard, Professor Monir H Khan said, the impact on the living environment of forest animals is damaging their foodchain, and thus the animals are becoming extinct. Which is an auspicious sign for animal diversity. If this continues, the country's economy will suffer along with the eco system and therefore the government must take necessary steps now.

Monir H Khan recommends taking adaptive measures to maintain the lifestyle of biodiversity. Along with that, he also talked about regular monitoring to prevent environmental pollution in the forest.

Mihir Kumar Do, forest conservator of Khulna region, said that they do not have any exact information regarding the biodiversity inside the forest. However, police personnel patrol the forest to prevent illegal activities.

Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest in the world. Its area is 6 thousand 17 square kilometers. On February 4, 1999, an area of about one lakh 43 thousand hectares of forest was declared as a sanctuary for wildlife. However, due to natural calamities such as floods, landslides, river erosion, most of the local residents of the area are making a living by cutting trees in the forest, illegally fishing and damaging the nature of the forest in various ways. Therefore, the environmentalists also urges to government to make alternative arrangements for their livelihood.

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