Public health implications of public toilet congestion

Pinky Akter
Public toilet

Public toilet

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Shahana Akhtar is an employee of a private multimedia company, working in the marketing department. And for her work, she has to be outside most of the day. Recently she is suffering from a urine infection. Often, she is affected by this disease. she often holds his urine due to the inadequacy of public toilets, mainly due to being outside for long periods. The doctor told her that it was the cause of his urine infection.

There are currently more than 6.5 core women and men working in the country. The average rate is 70 percent for men and 30 percent for women. But still, women's public toilets are not being increased compared to that. It is estimated that there are about 50 lakh workers in Dhaka. But compared to that in this city of traffic congestion, public toilets are still lacking.

And the public toilets in the city that have been made by the city corporation have a shortage of various amenities including cleanliness, which women are mostly reluctant to use. Talking to many women in the city about this, they say so.

 Ayesha Haque is a housewife, she has to travel from Notunbazar to Bashundhara every day to bring her daughter to school. she had to sit in the car for a long time in a traffic jam. And when she caught urine, she held it. While sharing her Eid shopping experience, she said that while using a public toilet, she found a man in charge which she found uncomfortable. she even talked about the lack of cleanliness in the toilet.

Not only the cities but also the rural areas have further deteriorated. The provision of public toilets for women during long journeys is negligible.

In this regard, Ferdusi Begum, working in a Plan International NGO, said that the problem of public toilets is a long-standing one that should be solved now. she said that it is important to have toilets for both men and women every 5 kilometers in the city.

Doctors say, holding the toilet and urine for a long time causes women to suffer from various physical complications. They said that not only women, but men can also suffer from various complications including urinary tract infections.

"The most common cause of this is a urinary tract infection, or UTI, which is called a urinary tract infection. It's from bacteria that grow in the bladder when you hold urine for too long. It then creates other problems. For example, if someone has a UTI repeatedly, it's a female reproductive tract. can hurt power."

According to Doctor, urine contains toxins like urea and amino acids.

As a result, long-term retention can lead to toxic substances reaching the kidneys and forming kidney stones. In the big cities of the country including Dhaka, the incidence of this disease is increasing among both men and women.

"Also, holding back urine can cause the bladder to swell. Also, if someone has pre-existing kidney problems and holds back regularly, their kidneys will gradually begin to lose function."

Because of this, various types of infections including blood infections can occur.

Dr. says that simply holding the toilet can cause breathing problems and bacterial infections. heaven

Besides, a person can also experience severe pain while urinating.

Women's organizations and social scientists say that working women and students in urban areas in Bangladesh mainly hold down the toilet when they go out. It is not only the inadequacy of public toilets on the streets that is responsible for this. Inadequacy of toilets especially in public places like workplaces, shopping malls, hospitals, or parks is responsible.

On the surface, it can be seen that the daily movement of about 5 million people in this city is completely negligible in public toilets. In many areas, mismanagement and indifference are also observed. And since the toilet is far away, the city commuters are not getting this proper civic service.

Water Aid, a non-governmental organization, has developed a smartphone-based application to provide information on public toilets across the country. In this app, information on the four main national highways of the country and public toilets located in Dhaka is available. In this app, the location and facilities of public toilets can be known through the user's GPS location or direct search. In this regard, Water Aid program manager (Urban Wash) Babul Bala said, by ensuring the facilities of public toilets nationwide, the organization is working with the city corporation and local administration to construct and renovate public toilets. However, he commented that City Corporation toilets have become more commercial than ensuring civic amenities. He also said, 'We have seen on the ground that most of the toilets do not have adequate water and electronic facilities, besides, many times women feel uncomfortable there.

Mobile toilets are seen in different places of the city which are not at all suitable for use by women. Most of them lie in useless, abandoned conditions.

In this regard, the two city corporations said that the number of public toilets has increased compared to earlier and more construction is underway.


MP Abdus Sattar passes away

District Correspondent,, Brahmanbaria
Advocate Abdus Sattar Bhuiya

Advocate Abdus Sattar Bhuiya

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Former State Minister and Member of Parliament for Brahmanbaria-2 (Sarail-Ashuganj) Constituency Advocate Abdus Sattar Bhuiya breathed his last (Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Rajiun).

He died at 3 am on Saturday (September 30) while undergoing treatment at a private hospital in the capital. He was 84 years old at the time of his death.

Mainul Hasan Tushar, the only son of Abdus Sattar Bhuiya, confirmed the death.

He said, my father was suffering from kidney disease for a long time. He was admitted to Evercare Hospital in the capital a week ago when his physical condition worsened. The treatment was going on there. He breathed his last while undergoing treatment at the hospital on Saturday morning at 3:02 am.

Abdul Sattar Bhuiya was born on January 16, 1939 to Abdul Hamid Bhuiya and Rahima Khatun of Parmanandpur village in Aruail Union of Sarail Upazila in Brahmanbaria. He was engaged in the profession of lawyer in Brahmanbaria court. He was the president of Brahmanbaria district BNP for a long time.

Abdus Sattar Bhuiya was elected Member of Parliament as an independent candidate in the then Comilla-1 constituency in 1979. Later, in 1991 and 1996, he was elected Member of Parliament in Brahmanbaria-2 constituency on the nomination of BNP in the 15th February and June elections. In the 2001 elections, Abdus Sattar served as Minister of State for Law, Fisheries and Lands as a technocrat minister in the then 4-party coalition government. However, after the 2008 elections, he was inactive in political activities. In the 11th National Parliament election held in 2018, he won again as a BNP nominated member of parliament with the paddy symbol. He was expelled from BNP on January 2, 2023. Later, when the by-elections were held, he won as an independent candidate.


Two factions of Awami League clashed in Mithapukur, 55 injured including OC

Staff Correspondent,, Rangpur
Two factions of Awami League clashed in Mithapukur

Two factions of Awami League clashed in Mithapukur

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Serious clashes ensued between Awami League MPs group and upazila chairman groups took place over the expansion of dominance in Rangpur's Mithapukur upazilla. At least 45 leaders and workers including 11 policemen were injured in the clash. 25 of them have been admitted to Upazila Health Complex. Mithapukur Police Station OC Mostafizur Rahman is also among the injured.

On Friday (September 29) the clash continued intermittently from afternoon to evening. At present, efforts are being made to calm the situation by deploying additional police in Mithapukur.

According to police and local sources, on the occasion of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's birthday, two groups of local Awami League organized discussion meetings at separate places on Friday.

Central Awami League Treasurer HN Ashikur Rahman MP's side held a discussion meeting at the auditorium hall next to the Upazila Parishad gate and Upazila Chairman Zakir Hossain Sarkar's side held a discussion meeting at the same time under the overbridge on the Rangpur-Dhaka four lane highways.

At around 4:30 pm, the upazila chairman's side was crossing the upazila parishad gate on its way to the venue with a procession, and there was an altercation with the leaders and activists of the other side (MP side). At one stage, when the conflict started between the two sides, hundreds of leaders and activists of both sides clashed with sticks and bricks.

The chase continued for more than two hours and the incident of stone pelting. At this time panic spread among the people in the upazila headquarters.

In an instant, all kinds of business establishments were closed. People started running in panic.

The police resorted to lathi charge to stop the conflict. At least 11 policemen and 45 activists and pedestrians were injured in the clash and counter-chase of the two sides. Many of them are in serious condition and are being treated in hospital. Others were given first aid.

Mithapukur police station OC Mostafizur Rahman and 10 policemen are among the injured. They have also been treated. The situation returned to normal around 7 pm. However, the entire upazila parishad and highway area was in a state of panic.

SI Muhibur Rahman of Mithapukur police station said that 10 policemen including OC were injured in the clash between the two sides. The situation is normal. No one has complained so far.


DU auditorium is dilapidated due to neglect; cultural activities are stopped

Kanjul Karam Koushik, DU Correspondent,, Dhaka


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Haji Muhammad Mohsin Hall, Masterda Suryasen Hall and Salimullah Muslim Hall of Dhaka University (DU) have large and well-planned auditoriums. But due to lack of maintenance and care from the auditorium to the TV room and sports room, the curtain has not been raised on the stage of the auditorium for many years. The structure is being destroyed and the cultural practices of the students of the hall are disappearing. Experts are claiming it as 'cultural misery'.

Salimullah Muslim Hall was inaugurated on August 11, 1931. In 1966 and 1967, Masterda Suryasen Hall and Haji Muhammad Mohsin Hall were established as the largest residential halls at that time. Inside the hall, the auditorium is constructed for the healthy recreation and cultural activities of the resident students. Salimullah Muslim Hall Auditorium is now known as TV Room, Suryasen Hall Auditorium is Shaheed HM Ibrahim Salim Auditorium and Mohsin Hall is known as Mohsin Hall Auditorium. These auditoriums have proof-size stages and large audience spaces. Adjacent to the stage are auditorium offices, toilets and all necessary facilities for stage users.

But on the surface, it can be seen that table tennis is played in the auditorium of Mohsin Hall and various types of handicrafts are being made in a large space. The entire auditorium is dirty with craft materials and scattered garbage. Some people are living behind the curtain behind the stage. When asked about their identity, they identified themselves as the family of the hall employee. Behind the stage can be seen the 'Haji Muhammad Muhsin Hall Auditorium Office' established by the Muhsin Hall Welfare Society. This office is now hidden from the public eye. Most of the students in the hall are unaware of the existence of the auditorium office. Going up the stairs on both sides, it is seen that it is being used as a residence for the employees. Again, plaster cement falls from various places and from the roof. Roof irons are visible in most places.

Meanwhile, the condition of Martyr HM Ibrahim Salim Auditorium of Surya Sen Hall is also dire. Both the entrances here are locked for a long time. All the furniture of the hall is kept inside. Going up the stairs on both sides, it is seen that it is being used as a residence for the employees. From outside it is seen that the upper railing has collapsed.

According to the sources of people who have been working in this hall for many years, no event is held here for many years. A few years ago, students and staff were injured when the auditorium railing collapsed.

In this regard, Masterda Suryasen Hall Provost Professor Dr. Zakir Hossain Bhuiyan said that the auditorium is in a dangerous condition so it has been closed. Our programs take place in the TV room and various large rooms. Renovate the auditoriums if we can. As far as I know, it is supposed to be demolished and locked, there is a plan.

Provost of Haji Muhammad Muhsin Hall Dr. Maksudur Rahman when asked to speak to about this, he did not answer the phone.

Mahin Ahmed, resident student of Haji Muhammad Mohsin Hall, 17-18 session, wants cultural programs to be staged in the auditorium of the hall.

He said, "If there is a democratic coexistence, there is a pressure on the administration. If there is pressure, the administration is somehow forced to continue the cultural activities. If there is no one else then who will apply the pressure? Hall students Sangsad are ineffective. Who will take the cultural programs if the Sangsad is ineffective? On the other hand, there is no cultural student organization; the absence of cultural organization makes the infrastructure of the university useless. That is why democratic coexistence is needed. Otherwise, the administration will remain unaccountable as it is now and democratic co-existence is needed to make the responsibility felt”.

Dhaka University's Department of Theater and Performance Studies Assistant Professor Tanveer Nahid Khan said about the importance of cultural and theatrical practice for students, Dhaka University was the top place for drama. When the country was partitioned in 1947, the theatrical practice of the region was centered on DU. Auditorium of Salimullah Muslim Hall Shahidullah Hall, Jagannath Hall was suitable for dramas. At that time we used to practice two types of drama. A group of progressive dramatists who practiced drama based on language and nationalism. Another group, according to theorists, practiced Islamic conservative drama. Those who were the teachers of DU, Munir Chowdhury, Akhtar Ibn Saeed, Saeed Ahmed, Syed Waliullah had great practice in drama and DU, these exercises based on hall were excellent. A drama troupe of DUCSU was 'Natyachakra'. The fact that these are not happening can be called 'cultural tyranny'.

A few years ago, with the initiative, Hall drama was born. When DUCSU was organized after the elections, there were still cultural competitions from DUCSU. They should be. As a result of non-existence, no more meritorious people emerged. When theater was practiced in halls, many people used to act, write plays, direct plays, and later they played roles in the main stream or at the national level. Today, the famous playwrights of independent Bangladesh are practicing in the halls of Dhaka University. Important dramatists such as Ramendu Majumdar, M Hamid, Mamunur Rashid have accelerated our national level theater practice by coming from Dhaka University.

But now the students are spending time on Facebook on their mobiles instead of practicing drama. The student does not go like that without playing in the TV room as well. The auditoriums of the hall should be used only for drama. As a result, the practice of healthy culture will be accelerated. When a person is associated with drama, he learns to speak beautifully, as a result of working in the theater, he learns punctuality, learns to work in a team, creative practice, contemporary events of the society come to the writing of drama. They make people mindful. But without this healthy practice, many students are getting involved with drugs, if you want to do theater, you have to study.


Successful trial of vaccine against dengue in the country

Staff Correspondent,, Dhaka
Photo: Collected

Photo: Collected

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Hospitals in the capital Dhaka and district cities are struggling to cope with the influx of dengue patients. At such a time, the researchers of the International Diarrhea Research Center Bangladesh (ICDDRB) and the University of Vermont (UVM) Lerner College of Medicine have brought good news.

They claimed that they have successfully completed the dengue vaccine research. It is effective against four types of dengue virus, Dengue-1, Dengue-2, Dengue-3 and Dengue-4.

In a press release on Thursday (September 28), ICDDRB claimed it. The results of this study were recently published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases Journal.

It is said to be a promising tetravalent vaccine. It is effective against all four types of dengue virus (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4). The single-dose vaccine used in the study evaluated TV-005.

It has been shown to be safe for use in children and adults and able to induce immunity.

The vaccine is named TV-005 (Tetravalent). ICDDRB scientist Mohammad Shafiul Alam, one of the researchers, said that the dengue vaccine has been tested successfully. This is certainly promising news because, at the moment, a dengue outbreak is going on in the country.

He claimed that a single dose of this vaccine can protect people. However, more research is needed on this. Whose second stage trial or test has been done in Bangladesh. However, the vaccine has already completed 42 phase trials in different countries of the world.

The ICDDRB scientist said that the third phase of testing has been done in India. It has strong potential to protect humans from dengue. We are also trying to do a phase III trial.