Bangabandhu and Bangladesh are synonymous

Tofael Ahmed
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Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born on March 17, 1920 AD in a noble family in the secluded village of Tungipara, Gopalganj. On that day, the child who opened his eyes for the first time in his mother's womb, later the recognition of that child spread beyond the borders of the country to the world. "Khoka" of parents' love; 'Mujib Bhai' beloved by political comrades; He earned the title of 'Bangabandhu' by being soaked in the love of Bengali freedom seekers from the beloved 'Sheikh Sahib' of his contemporaries; Disgustedly rejecting the Prime Ministerial offer of permanent vested interests, he became the nation's undisputed leader - the 'Father of the Nation' and ultimately the 'Greatest Bengali of All Time'. His name is associated with the Bengali national liberation struggle and the establishment of independent Bangladesh. This is not just a name but the history of Bengali national liberation struggle. That is why Bangabandhu and Bangladesh are synonymous. March 17 is a historic day in our national life. The day is celebrated annually as 'National Children's Day' in the state. This year on the 104th auspicious birthday of the father of the nation, the entire nation is gratefully remembering his historical contribution with utmost respect and paying tribute.

Bangabandhu had only one pursuit throughout his life, to sacrifice himself for the liberation of Bengalis. He led every struggle step by step. 1948 to ’52 movement for Bengali as one of the national languages; Abolition of Zamindari system from 1950 to 1954; ’54 to ’56 constitutional autonomy; Secularism against communalism in '64; In 1966, the right to national self-determination, i.e. 6 points; Through the mass movement of 1969, he came out of the death pit as a free man, demanding universal suffrage and the rights of numerologists; By participating in the historic elections of 1970, achieving a landslide victory and finally establishing the independent and sovereign People's Republic of Bangladesh through the great liberation war in 1971, calling for independence. He had to spend 13 years of his life in prison during these historical episodes of national liberation struggle.

A quote by Nelson Mandela, the leader of South African liberation people, is relevant in this regard. He said, It is said that no one truly knows a nation until one has been inside its jails. That is, 'It is said that one cannot truly know a nation until one has been imprisoned in its prison.' In 2012, I went to South Africa on an official visit to participate in an international conference and visited Nelson Mandela's prison cell on Robben Island. It is here that I think Bangabandhu was also kept in one such solitary cell in Mianwali Jail. Nelson Mandela spent 18 years of his 27 years in prison in this prison. I saw with my own eyes the solitary cell of the prison. There are kept one for Mandela's bed and another blanket to put on, a plate, glass and jug. After reading the book 'Karagarer Roznamcha', I learned that Bangabandhu had a plate, a bowl, a glass and a blanket while he was in prison. In fact, he titled the book 'Karagarer Roznamcha' 'Jelkhanar Sambal Thala Bati Kambal'. Visiting here made me think again and again of our Central Jail and Pakistan's Mianwali Jail - where Bangabandhu spent his long incarceration.

As Bangabandhu's traveling companion to the Islamic Conference held in Lahore, I heard the narration from Habib Ali, Prison Governor (Jail Superintendent) of Mianwali Jail, that Bangabandhu was asked to choose the Prime Minister or the grave after digging a grave in front of the jail cell. Bangabandhu chose the grave and said, "In the light and air of Bengal, where I grew up, after death, send my body to my beloved motherland, Bangladesh, not in this grave." Since Mianwali Jail is in a foreign country, we could not preserve it. However, the room in which he was imprisoned in Dhaka Central Jail has been preserved. The Dhaka Cantonment where he was imprisoned in the Agartala case has also been turned into a museum. Self-sacrificing leadership in the struggle for human liberation has ideological similarities manifested in the glory of sacrifice. As the father of the nation said on March 4, 1971 for the total liberation of Bengalis, "The liberation of a nation has never come without extreme sacrifice." Likewise, Nelson Mandela said for the liberation of black people in South Africa, "True leaders must sacrifice everything for the liberation of the people." You have to be ready.' Bangabandhu always said, 'If you love people, people love you too. If you accept a little sacrifice, the people are ready to give their lives for you. "My biggest strength love the people of the country; the biggest weakness love them too much."

Bangabandhu always raised the small. In the places he visited, he used to highlight the leaders and workers in his speeches. He became the father of the nation by promoting Union Awami League leader to Thana, Thana Awami League leader to district and district Awami League leader to national leader. As a result, the Awami League spread to the grassroots throughout Bangladesh and has survived many ups and downs, still retaining the spirit of Bangabandhu. Bangabandhu was a great leader with heart. He could not bear anyone's sorrow. He easily adopted others. He would pull those who were against him. When he said, 'I don't want the Prime Ministership', people believed it. He did not do politics for power, to become prime minister.

Bengalis used to protect the beloved motherland from the vicissitudes of exploitation and deprivation

He did politics by sacrificing his life to control the destiny of Bengal. On his birthday on March 17, 1967, he wrote, “Today is my 47th birthday. I was born on this day in 1920 in a small village in East Bengal. I have never celebrated my birthday myself - my wife would have given me a small gift on this day. On this day I tried to stay at home. I saw in the newspaper that Dhaka City Awami League is celebrating my birthday. I think it's because I'm in jail. 'I am a man, and it is my birthday again.'" (Karagarer Roznamcha, Page-209) remembering the bloody March 17, 1971. That day was Bangabandhu's 52nd birthday. Non-cooperation movement is going on across the country. After the discussion with Yahya Khan, when he returned to his residence at 32 Dhanmondi in the afternoon from the then President Bhavan i.e. the old Ganobhaban Sugandha, a journalist asked Bangabandhu during a homely discussion with foreign journalists, 'What is your biggest and most sacred wish on your 52nd birthday?' He said, 'Total emancipation of the people.' Then he said in a painful voice, 'I don't celebrate birthdays, I don't light candles on my birthday, I don't cut cakes.' People are not safe in this country. You know the condition of our people. They can die at any moment at the whim of others. I am one of the people, what is my birthday, and what is the day of death? My life and death for my people. I have dedicated my life to the people.' The poet used to recite Rabindranath Tagore's poem to the people who came to congratulate him on his birthday, 'May my name be known as this, I am your people.'

Bangabandhu set the goal after the establishment of Pakistan. He went to the gallows repeatedly. Every step of Bangabandhu was timely. At that time in 1966, at the Awami League conference at Hotel Eden, poet Rabindranath Tagore's song 'Amar Sonar Bangla...' was sung as the opening song. After being elected as the president of the party at that conference, he said in a speech at Paltan Maidan on March 20, 'I have approached many people with the 6-point programme, but no one supported me.' .'' He also said, 'If my party leaders and workers are united, I will achieve my goal.'' Ayub Khan took up all the conspiracies to hang Bangabandhu. The official name of the Agartala case was ``State v. Sheikh Mujib and others'' case. The dictator made him the main accused and wanted to hang him. But he did not bow down. The struggling students of this country united and agitated for the release of the father of the nation. That mass movement turned into a massive mass uprising. Freed from the gallows, the grateful Bengali nation formally conferred the title of 'Bangabandhu' on the Father of the Nation in a mass reception at the Race Course Maidan (now Suhrawardy Udyan).

He was truly a friend of Bengali and 'Bangabandhu'. In an interview with David Frost, he said, 'I feel for my country and my people, and than my family.' Above all, the father of the nation had Bengalis and Bangladesh. He was the great leader of the oppressed people of the world. He supported the freedom struggle wherever he went. Bangabandhu can be compared with Mahatma Gandhi of India, Nelson Mandela of Africa, Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam, Kemal Atatürk of Turkey, Marshall Tito of Yugoslavia. He was their equal leader. Many countries in the world became independent sitting at the negotiating table. Bangabandhu made the country independent through a bloody liberation struggle. He gave his life for the Bengali nation. As Nelson Mandela said, 'No one can kill him who wants to die.' Bangabandhu said, 'He who is ready to die, has no death.' Bangabandhu is a great leader in history, a shrewd politician. He used to think and make decisions. Once he made a decision, he would not compromise even in the face of death.

The establishment of 'Bangladesh' was the cherished dream of Bangabandhu's heart. On the anniversary of Suhrawardy's death on December 5, 1969, he chanted in his voice, 'Amar desh tomar desh Bangladesh Bangladesh.' Everything that has happened in the establishment of independent Bangladesh has been done on the orders of Bangabandhu. Nelson Mandela said in 1952, "One day I will be the president of South Africa." And Bangabandhu said, "One day I will make this country independent." But the Prime Ministership is insignificant to me.'' To achieve that goal, he has taken his adorable program step by step. Oath-taking ceremony of the newly elected National and Provincial Council members in the 1970 elections at Racecourse Maidan on 3 January 1971. Bangabandhu himself will take the oath. In his speech on that day, he said, '6 points and 11 points are not mine today, nor are they of my party. Today it has become the property of the people of Bengal. If anyone betrays it, the people of Bengal will bury him alive. Even if I do me.' His politics and programs were for the people.

In his speech that day he also said, 'Monem Khan could not conquer me, not even Ayub Khan could - but this undying love of yours has weakened me. Please pray that I can give you the dignity of this love.' He did not give blood alone to give the dignity of love to the people of Bengal, he paid his debt with the blood of his family.

I remember the historic speech of March 7, 1971; The speech today is considered as a 'document of world heritage'

He is sitting in the seat of honor in the world meeting. On that day, he united the entire nation through a speech and transformed the unarmed Bengali into an armed nation. Seven and a half million Bengalis stood at the estuary of national liberation. During the Great War of Liberation, these 7th March speech was our source of inspiration. At the beginning of the declaration of independence on the first hour of March twenty-sixth, he said, 'This may be my last message. Bangladesh is independent from today. His last message was the declaration of independence, taking the weapons to heart and freeing the country from the invaders on 16th December. After 9 months of fighting, we could not feel the taste of freedom. On January 10, 1972, when he returned home with the pain of losing his relatives, it seemed that today we are truly free. Then on January 12, he assumed the duties of the Prime Minister. He established the parliamentary democracy in the country and announced the constitution for the country in the first session of the 'Bangladesh Constituent Assembly' on 10 April. In just 7 months under the leadership of Bangabandhu we achieved one of the best constitutions in the world suitable for the newly independent country.

While traveling abroad with Bangabandhu, I saw firsthand the respect, devotion and love of foreign statesmen towards him. The statesmen of the world have recognized the sacrifice of Bangabandhu. Indian President Shri VV Giri, Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Soviet Union Head of State Nikolai Podgorny, Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, Communist Party General Secretary Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, British Prime Minister Edward Heath, Yugoslav statesman Marshal Joseph Broz Tito and world leaders met Bangabandhu at various conferences. Expressed respect for Standing on the stage of the Non-Aligned Conference in Algeria, Bangabandhu said, 'The world today is divided into two parts. The exploiter and the exploited. I am for the exploited.' That speech created a stir around the world. He created history by speaking at the United Nations in Bengali, his beloved mother tongue. In the speech, he said, "Peace is absolutely necessary for the survival of mankind." When he visited the Soviet Union, the top four leaders of the country, Podgorny, Kosygin, Brezhnev and Andrei Gromyko, gathered in the Kremlin to receive him. Brezhnev hugged Bangabandhu and said, 'I am blessed. Today I got close to a great leader like you. During his visit to Japan, Emperor Hirohito shook hands with Bangabandhu and said, "You are truly a great leader in history." Marshal Tito was one of the statesmen in the world at that time. I have seen his deep love and respect for Bangabandhu. 32 heads of state and government attended the Commonwealth Conference in 1973. British Prime Minister Edward Heath, upon hearing the news of his release from the Pakistani jail after a long imprisonment and arriving in London, UK, immediately returned from the holiday center and greeted Bangabandhu at No. 10 Downing Street with a hug saying, 'You are a great leader and I never thought I would meet you.'

Today I especially remember the day of March 25, 1971. In the morning I went out to meet Bangabandhu at number 32 of Dhanmondi, after work I met the leader again. As I was leaving, I said, Bangabandhu, I think they will definitely arrest you. Strong-convinced Bangabandhu said, "Don't do it." What is it? They have arrested me before and it didn't help them. They may arrest me again. But I don't know what benefit they will get from this. Even if they kill me, it will not benefit them. Thousands of Sheikh Mujibs will be born on the soil of Bengal to avenge my death. They also know that their days are over. Today, after a long struggle, this truth fills my heart with immense joy. If they kill me and you get a chance to see my dead body, then you will see how happy I am smiling.' In a journalist interview on the eve of the genocide, He quoted Bengali poet Jibanananda Das' poem and said in a sad tone but with a firm spirit, 'I will come back to the bank of Dhansidi in this Bengal. ...'

Returning to his homeland on January 10, 1972, he poured his heart's offering to the largest ever crowd at Race Course Maidan and said in emotional language, "When I go to the gallows, I will say, I am a Bengali, Bangla is my country, Bangla is my language." I told you one day, build a fort from house to house. Today I say, today we have to work from house to house for our development.' In the speech that day, he also said, 'I want to say clearly that Bangladesh will be an ideal non-communal state. And its foundation will not be based on any particular religion. The basis of the state will be - democracy, nationalism, secularism and socialism. Bangabandhu sang the victory song of Bengali's overall liberation at every stage of life.

Author: Member, Advisory Council, Bangladesh Awami League; Member of Parliament, Bangladesh National Parliament.


Mild tremor in Chattogram, no damage

Special Correspondent, Chattogram bureau:
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photo: collected

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Chattogram and its surrounding districts were shaken by moderate earthquakes. The earthquake was felt at around 10:46 pm on Saturday (April 21).

Earthquake monitoring website Volcano Discovery confirmed this information. It is said there, the magnitude of this earthquake was 3.7. And the depth of the earthquake was 10 km. The epicenter of the earthquake is 43 km north of Chattogram in Kaptai upazila of Rangamati district.

However, no damage was reported in the earthquake. But people felt some tremors. Then some wrote about the earthquake on social media Facebook. 


Sports teaches discipline, loyalty and patriotism: PM

Staff Correspondent, Dhaka:
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Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said that sports give people physical and mental strength. Also teaches discipline, loyalty and patriotism.

She said this at the prize distribution ceremony after the final of the Bangabandhu and Bangmata Gold Cup football tournament at the Bangladesh Army Stadium on Saturday (April 20) afternoon.

Along with other sports, Sheikh Hasina has urged to promote domestic sports as well. She also shed light on the steps taken by the government for the development of sports.

Sheikh Hasina said that whenever she came to power, she tried to encourage more children in sports because sports give people physical and mental strength. Also teaches discipline, loyalty and patriotism.

The Prime Minister said that she wants the children to develop into suitable citizens through sports, physical exercise and cultural activities along with education.

Sheikh  Hasina said by giving instructions to the concerned, that our children should be more interested in participating in sports, we should give equal opportunities to our domestic sports as well because our children will have more opportunities to develop their talents through local sports.

The Prime Minister said, today we can take the country forward through this sport. I can introduce the country to the whole world. I am really happy that not only our boys but also our girls are able to go abroad and show their talent. Since the formation of the government in 2009 when we started this primary school football tournament for boys and girls, Bangmata Gold Cup and Bangabandhu Gold Cup, Our boys and girls are showing excellent skills even when they go abroad across the borders of the country. Most importantly, SAFF Women-2022 has earned the opportunity to become the champion. It is our girls who have brought this achievement.

The head of the government said that the government is making one mini stadium in each upazilla, so that sports opportunities are created in each upazilla. Sheikh Hasina said, I want our boys and girls to make themselves suitable through sports, physical exercise and cultural practices along with education. All education and sports will be better in all aspects, we will walk with our heads held high all over the world. Our today's golden boys and girls will build the golden Bangladesh of the Father of the Nation's dream. My congratulations and blessings to all, she added.


Biodiversity of Haor threatened by temporary beauty

Saidur Rahman Naim, Upazilla Correspondent,, Katiadi(Kishoreganj):


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Alpana inaugurated this road with fanfare from administration, public representatives to Bangla New Year. But no one thought that this temporary beauty would become a threat to nature. After a few days, new water will come to Haor. And now there is a heated discussion about how much damage this color will cause.

On the occasion of Bangla New Year, a beautiful Alpana was painted over 14 km from Mithamoin Zero Point to Ashtagram Zero Point on Haor all-weather road recently. Environmentalists have expressed fear that if these colors of Alpana are washed by rain and mixed with the water of Haor, it will harm the reproduction of fish in Haor.

Environmental experts said that any color naturally contains various chemical components. The amount of paint used in the Alpana on Haor road will harm the aquatic plants, fish and other aquatic animals there due to the chemicals contained in it.

Digital service provider Banglalink Digital Communication, Asiatic Experiential Marketing Limited and Berger Paints have jointly implemented the world's longest Alpana painting on Haor's all-weather road. Asaduzzaman Noor, a cultural personality and Member of Parliament, officially inaugurated the work of drawing Alpana by scratching Rangtuli at Zero Point of Mithamoin on April 12. It is known that 16,000 liters of paint has been used on the 14 km road to paint this Alpana. And a large amount of turpentine is mixed with the paint. This turpentine is more dangerous than kerosene.

Since then, environmentalists started protesting on social media, claiming that this Alpana, painted with a mixture of paint and turpentine, will have an adverse effect on crops and fish. They said that Haor is a very safe place for fish. In the first rains of Baisakh, various native species of fish including Tangra, Batasi, Punti, Mala, Boal, Shoal, Gajar, Pabda, Gulsha, Kai, Shing, Magur usually lay their eggs. If it rains, the paint used here will wash off and get mixed with the water in the Haor. This color will dissolve in the water and kill the crops, aquatic animals including fish, grasses and insects. Soil and water will be polluted and the food chain of the ecosystem will collapse.

Saiful Islam Jewel, general secretary of Kishoreganj district branch of Bangladesh Paribesh Andolon (Bapa), told the media, "We will dress up in Alpana colors on Baisakh, this is the traditional custom of Bengalis. But the authorities should have kept the environmental disaster in mind first. The worst thing is that the paint contains toxic chemicals. Biphenyl in particular contains endocrine disruptors, which in water will cause serious adverse reactions in fish. Whenever aquatic animals including fish are exposed to this high level of biphenyl, aquatic animals including fish will not lay eggs, they will not be able to fertilize the eggs.

About 14 percent of the country's fish demand is met from Haor. For this reason, Haor region of Kishoreganj is also called as one of the fisheries big source of Bangladesh.

According to the sources of District Fisheries Office, 28 thousand 21 tons of fish are produced from Haor in Kishoreganj in the fiscal year 2022-23. On the other hand, as the soil of Haor is very fertile, a lot of paddy is grown here. 25 percent of the country's rice demand is met from the Haor area. In the fiscal year 2022-23, 4 lakh 82 thousand 283 tons of Boro and Aman rice were produced.

Professor Ahmad Qamruzzaman Majumder, dean of the Faculty of Science of Stamford University and an environmental expert, said that the common elements that are in the color (such as benzene, diclovision, tetraclovision, toluene, cadmium, chromium); they contain many types of chemicals. The amount of paint used on the 14-km road in Haor will naturally affect the wetlands, aquatic plants, microscopic aquatic animals and even small fish.

Bangladesh Agricultural University Faculty of Fisheries Professor Dr. Haroon Or Rashid said, "Any type of chemical is a threat to aquatic life. Alpana has been painted over a large area; That must be somewhat harmful to fish and other animals. We have laws to protect the environment, like various mill factory effluents are harmful to rivers. And in that case the environmental law is also applied. Everyone needs to be more careful considering the environment before doing these things.

Environment Department Kishoreganj District Assistant Director Md. Abdullah Al Mateen told the media that the next steps will be taken by talking to the higher authorities.


'Developing countries like Bangladesh are the first victims of the Middle East crisis'

Ashraful Islam, Planning Editor,, Dhaka


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Israel-Iran conflict has again become a great threat to the stability of the entire Middle East without the end of Israeli brutality in Palestine along the path of Israel-Hamas conflict. International relations expert Professor of International Relations department of Jahangirnagar University Dr. Shahab Enam Khan thinks so. He said, developing countries like Bangladesh will be the first victims of instability in the Middle East. Referring to this ongoing crisis as 'long-term', Bangladesh should not only rely on garments and remittances to deal with the possible situation, but should prepare international trade diplomacy. The Professor said these things in an exclusive interview given to Planning Editor Ashraful Islam spoke. How to assess the recent tense situation in the Middle East? What kind of global challenges is this creating, especially for developing countries like ours?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: The situation in the Middle East is completely unpredictable and this unpredictability will continue for a long time. This unpredictability is not just like Israel or Iran jumping for a few days and then stopping again. This unpredictability will continue for a long time and will be at the center of Israel. The relationship between the Arab and Western world revolves around Israel. So here is the volatility centered on Israel. And the crux of it is that the Western world handles it. To be clear, the Arab world has no role here except to wage war of words. There is another point - in view of these events, there is now a big polarization between Russia-China-Turkey-Iran, centered on them. On the other hand, there has been a polarization in the Western world around Israel. This polarization will have a huge impact on the global economy. They would like the West to not be able to do this, which would put a huge strain on the global economy and monetary system. The first victims will be the developing countries. Does that mean it is becoming clear that the Western monopoly on the world order has collapsed?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: Absolutely. That is why polarization has been created in the world. The Western world has a monopoly on Israel but not Iran. But what will happen to Israel's relationship with the West, how they handle this relationship will depend on how the days ahead will be. What Israel's relationship with the Arabs will be does not matter here. Can't we see some kind of contrast between the speeches and statements of the Western countries, especially the United States, and their internal least when assessing the situation?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: That's right. I will add one more thing, that is - the upcoming election in the United States is also an important issue. Because of this, the Israel-West relationship will remain unstable for a long time. It is precisely because of this that the world economy and monetary system are under great stress which will have an impact on developing countries like Bangladesh. What kind of impact do you think?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: First of all, different types of sanctions, alternative currency pressure will come. Secondly, there will be a lot of strategic diplomatic pressure at this time. We have a kind of constitutional commitment to stand by Palestine, we have been showing it. We have taken the same stand in the case of Rohingyas. Stand up for endangered humanity. What kind of precautions should we take in terms of reality?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: We need a complete rethinking of international trade. It will not be possible to depend only on garments and remittances. India has not been hit as much by the current world situation or as much as we were by the Ukraine crisis because of the diversity of the Indian economy. I think we have to work hard on four areas. First: Energy security, more precisely we have to achieve self-sufficient energy, which is directly related to national interest. It needs to be mentioned here that many people confuse the national interest of our country with personal interest. In national interest we have to ensure our energy security from indigenous sources. We will not have it with inefficient energy institutions. The entire energy system needs to be overhauled.

Second, our trade diplomacy should not only be verbalized, but trade diplomacy should be strengthened in a practical sense. Among these will be the number one priority, 'Diversity'. That is, various sectors of the economy should be strengthened.

Thirdly, existing relations with Arab countries should be deepened. Also, it is important to create strong alliances with other developing countries that will be affected by this global tension and conflict. We may not be interested in going to BRICS and try to do something ourselves, where our own interests will be prioritized where many countries like Bangladesh are worried about the existing situation. If Bangladesh can bring many economies together to create a collective voice, it will also bring effective results.

Many countries will tell us a lot, but we have to think about how effective it will be in practice. Bangladesh has been talking about trade multi-lateralization for at least a decade, but there is no action on what to export, what to have. Indigenous people are not creating any industry here, nothing much has been done with the potential jute. That means not only words, but a practical effort needs to be taken in the practical sense.

Fourth is to strengthen and expand the internal market. At the moment, the domestic market of Bangladesh is largely dependent. A Cadbury chocolate in India manufactured by themselves to British standards and offered to consumers. There is no more trouble with foreign currency. People are eager to buy old cars in Bangladesh. With such a large market, why is the indigenous car industry not happening here? If it was a country with a small population like Bhutan or the Maldives, one would think so, but that is not the case. We are very relieved to ride in an old car, because the reality is that a car is a necessity. Where economic productivity has increased, scale has increased; Human mobility will naturally increase. But here the productivity and safety of people are being minimized by importing with 200-400% tax.

There is a lot of talk about transitioning into a developing country in 2026, but what will happen to the pharmaceutical industry here? Let the government create APIs with subsidies, let them create commodities - but apart from all this, we are filled with thoughts of impossible adventures which should not be done at all. Is excessive bureaucratic reliance a barrier to discouraging possibility and diversity?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: Of course, the economy can never be bureaucratic. Here the private sector needs to be brought into more policy making. Private sector believes in profit. So they always want variety. If bureaucrats could understand export diversification, why did the jute industry fail? I think creative industries should be brought in here by reducing bureaucracy dependence by going for extensive privatization. It will help the country's economy a lot in the current global crisis. The tension on the border of Myanmar is not stopping, do you see a sustainable solution?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: Sustainable solution will come only when Arakan is stabilized. Bangladesh needs to play a leading role in stabilizing Arakan. It can be done in many ways - single support or contribution to infrastructure development. Steps can be taken to strengthen their civil society, political society. It will be seen that the Americans from across the Atlantic are doing it right. Bangladesh is talking about democracy and then Bangladesh can work to restore democracy there. We need to engage with the actors that are active there, not just the Arakan Army because without them the repatriation of Rohingya will not be possible. The Tatmadaw (Myanmar's government military) will not solve this. Nor will the Rohingya crisis be resolved even if the Tatmadaw takes root in Rakhine. If the Tatmadaw cannot stay, the Arakan Army comes; it will not be a solution if they are not engaged. Although Bangladesh has made a lot of progress on the Rohingya issue in the past year, nothing has happened before.

Edited by: Mahmood Menon, Editor-at-Large,