The fisheries sector will also be made smart to increase production



Ruhul Amin, Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com, Dhaka
Photo: Barta24.com

Photo: Barta24.com

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Jatka Conservation Week 2024 started from Monday (March 11). This year's theme is 'Hilsha is the king of fish, Jatka hunters will be punished'. On this occasion, the Department of Fisheries organized a public meeting in the mole head large station area of Chandpur and an awareness boat rally in the adjacent river. Minister of Fisheries and Livestock Abdur Rahman went to Chandpur to attend the launch rally from Dhaka. On the way back, in a private conversation with Barta24.com, the minister outlined his detailed plans for the ministry.

In a private conversation, the Minister of Fisheries and Livestock spoke about the various problems faced by fishermen and his various plans to solve them. At this time, he emphasized the importance of arranging small loans from banks for fishermen, being strict with the use of illegal nets and stopping the sources, taking smart steps to increase fish production and preparing the correct list of fishermen.

The interview was conducted by Barta24.com Staff Correspondent Ruhul Amin.

Barta24.com: It is difficult for fishermen to get small loans from banks. Do you have any plans to get loans easily in that case?

Abdur Rahman: This is a disease of ours. Negligence is fatally bad where those who exercise responsibility. We are thinking of sitting and discussing with Bangladesh Bank. If the farmer wants to grow fish in the pond or drain near his house through the micro credit scheme, if we can convince Bangladesh Bank and if they cooperate with us, then there will be two things. One is that our production will increase, secondly employment will be created. Employment of lakhs of unemployed youths can be created. It is a sector with huge potential.

Barta24.com: Your election promise this year is to build a smart Bangladesh. In that case, how do you want to make the fishing industry smarter?

Abdur Rahman: The aim of smart fisheries sector is to increase fish production. We have enough material to increase that production. In our country, it is necessary to make the canals, khals, rivers, closed reservoirs, ponds suitable for fish farming and to rehabilitate them. Thus if we venture into fish farming then surely we will get a good result from it.

Barta24.com: What steps will be taken to increase foreign exchange earnings by increasing fish exports?

Abdur Rahman: In terms of fish exports, we mainly export shrimps. We have already started various processes to start cultivation of a new shrimp variety called Venami. Its production capacity is about 40 times more than normal shrimp. If we can go there, Insha Allah, it is possible to earn satisfactory foreign exchange by exporting shrimp and hilsa. This sector will play a big role in our GDP.

Barta24.com: Hilsa is said to play a major role in Bangladesh's GDP. What kind of steps will we see in the future to protect and increase the production of hilsa?

Abdur Rahman: Hilsa is basically a natural resource. It has no chance of cultivation or rearing. So making a hundred fries from one fish is the main technique of hilsa production. If protection can be given in that place, then production is bound to increase. If we can stop fry or jatka catching, and if this work can be done successfully with various kinds of encouragement and incentives, then I think we will get an unprecedented result.

Barta24.com: The support given to fishermen during the ban on fishing does not reach the actual fishermen in many cases. In that case, is there a plan to associate public representatives with it?

Abdur Rahman: You will see that moneylenders are associated with this sector. They buy them in advance from the fishermen in the off-season with a small amount of money. Then they sell it in the market at a higher price. This culture is not new in our country.

I don't think this role can be completely eliminated. If the list of real fishermen, those who collect fish can be smartly formulated, if the government agricultural banks give those loans for a specific period, then the gangs are bound to disappear.

Barta24.com: What measures will be taken to eliminate illegal counterfeit producers?

Abdur Rahman: Is it possible to kill only illegal fakes with legal help? Who will kill this fake? Administration people. I asked the administration to look seriously but they looked less attentive, then it won't happen. However, if someone gets an opportunity to do something without hindrance, then he will get the benefit, but if there are obstacles in various ways, if he can be kept careful in various ways, then he will not be able to do that work as easily.

If I take an initiative and get 80% results then that is good enough. But I have to keep the pressure to get 100% results. Maybe I'm not 20 percent but still get a good result. My personal feeling is that it is very difficult if there is no commitment to people. Because they are greedy businessmen when I asked them to attack and eliminate illegal fakes.

Barta24.com: There are allegations that in many cases children are used to catch jatka. Local government people are also heard to be involved in this. What action will be taken in this regard?

Abdur Rahman: Local government people must be involved. But the place of disappointment is that you have to take into consideration their sincerity, where their free is will. If necessary, instead of leaving the children on bail, they should be told that those who are using you should not be used.

Barta24.com: You are now in the highest forum of Awami League from Chhatra League. But this is the first time you have become a minister. What are your feelings about it?

Abdur Rahman: It is a big recognition in the life of a political worker. There is a great opportunity to work from a team point of view. Again, if the party is in charge of the government, there too. Honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has given me a responsibility in her government. It has positive satisfaction. As a political activist in the true sense, I think that getting such an opportunity is to use this opportunity for the welfare of the people. If that work can be done successfully, beautifully, that is a great achievement.

Barta24.com: What is the future plan of your ministry as part of the government?

Abdur Rahman: Ministry of Fisheries is a people-oriented ministry. This ministry is involved in the daily life of our entire population. Our plan is to provide non-vegetarian food to people self-sufficiently and to meet our own needs and to export it as well.

Barta24.com: How challenging do you find this new responsibility?

Abdur Rahman: There are challenges in every job. It is self-interested to face the challenge and bring it under control, to present it to people from a productive view, to use it for people. If a person wants to work with them with devotion and honesty then success is bound to come. I believe I have that kind of inclination, desire. I want to do something for people. Bangabandhu's daughter Sheikh Hasina's desire to carry out the responsibility with devotion is the big thing. I have that desire.

   

Mild tremor in Chattogram, no damage



Special Correspondent, Barta24.com Chattogram bureau:
photo: collected

photo: collected

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Chattogram and its surrounding districts were shaken by moderate earthquakes. The earthquake was felt at around 10:46 pm on Saturday (April 21).

Earthquake monitoring website Volcano Discovery confirmed this information. It is said there, the magnitude of this earthquake was 3.7. And the depth of the earthquake was 10 km. The epicenter of the earthquake is 43 km north of Chattogram in Kaptai upazila of Rangamati district.

However, no damage was reported in the earthquake. But people felt some tremors. Then some wrote about the earthquake on social media Facebook. 

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Sports teaches discipline, loyalty and patriotism: PM



Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com Dhaka:
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Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said that sports give people physical and mental strength. Also teaches discipline, loyalty and patriotism.

She said this at the prize distribution ceremony after the final of the Bangabandhu and Bangmata Gold Cup football tournament at the Bangladesh Army Stadium on Saturday (April 20) afternoon.

Along with other sports, Sheikh Hasina has urged to promote domestic sports as well. She also shed light on the steps taken by the government for the development of sports.

Sheikh Hasina said that whenever she came to power, she tried to encourage more children in sports because sports give people physical and mental strength. Also teaches discipline, loyalty and patriotism.

The Prime Minister said that she wants the children to develop into suitable citizens through sports, physical exercise and cultural activities along with education.

Sheikh  Hasina said by giving instructions to the concerned, that our children should be more interested in participating in sports, we should give equal opportunities to our domestic sports as well because our children will have more opportunities to develop their talents through local sports.

The Prime Minister said, today we can take the country forward through this sport. I can introduce the country to the whole world. I am really happy that not only our boys but also our girls are able to go abroad and show their talent. Since the formation of the government in 2009 when we started this primary school football tournament for boys and girls, Bangmata Gold Cup and Bangabandhu Gold Cup, Our boys and girls are showing excellent skills even when they go abroad across the borders of the country. Most importantly, SAFF Women-2022 has earned the opportunity to become the champion. It is our girls who have brought this achievement.

The head of the government said that the government is making one mini stadium in each upazilla, so that sports opportunities are created in each upazilla. Sheikh Hasina said, I want our boys and girls to make themselves suitable through sports, physical exercise and cultural practices along with education. All education and sports will be better in all aspects, we will walk with our heads held high all over the world. Our today's golden boys and girls will build the golden Bangladesh of the Father of the Nation's dream. My congratulations and blessings to all, she added.

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Biodiversity of Haor threatened by temporary beauty



Saidur Rahman Naim, Upazilla Correspondent, Barta24.com, Katiadi(Kishoreganj):
photo: barta24.com

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Alpana inaugurated this road with fanfare from administration, public representatives to Bangla New Year. But no one thought that this temporary beauty would become a threat to nature. After a few days, new water will come to Haor. And now there is a heated discussion about how much damage this color will cause.

On the occasion of Bangla New Year, a beautiful Alpana was painted over 14 km from Mithamoin Zero Point to Ashtagram Zero Point on Haor all-weather road recently. Environmentalists have expressed fear that if these colors of Alpana are washed by rain and mixed with the water of Haor, it will harm the reproduction of fish in Haor.

Environmental experts said that any color naturally contains various chemical components. The amount of paint used in the Alpana on Haor road will harm the aquatic plants, fish and other aquatic animals there due to the chemicals contained in it.

Digital service provider Banglalink Digital Communication, Asiatic Experiential Marketing Limited and Berger Paints have jointly implemented the world's longest Alpana painting on Haor's all-weather road. Asaduzzaman Noor, a cultural personality and Member of Parliament, officially inaugurated the work of drawing Alpana by scratching Rangtuli at Zero Point of Mithamoin on April 12. It is known that 16,000 liters of paint has been used on the 14 km road to paint this Alpana. And a large amount of turpentine is mixed with the paint. This turpentine is more dangerous than kerosene.

Since then, environmentalists started protesting on social media, claiming that this Alpana, painted with a mixture of paint and turpentine, will have an adverse effect on crops and fish. They said that Haor is a very safe place for fish. In the first rains of Baisakh, various native species of fish including Tangra, Batasi, Punti, Mala, Boal, Shoal, Gajar, Pabda, Gulsha, Kai, Shing, Magur usually lay their eggs. If it rains, the paint used here will wash off and get mixed with the water in the Haor. This color will dissolve in the water and kill the crops, aquatic animals including fish, grasses and insects. Soil and water will be polluted and the food chain of the ecosystem will collapse.

Saiful Islam Jewel, general secretary of Kishoreganj district branch of Bangladesh Paribesh Andolon (Bapa), told the media, "We will dress up in Alpana colors on Baisakh, this is the traditional custom of Bengalis. But the authorities should have kept the environmental disaster in mind first. The worst thing is that the paint contains toxic chemicals. Biphenyl in particular contains endocrine disruptors, which in water will cause serious adverse reactions in fish. Whenever aquatic animals including fish are exposed to this high level of biphenyl, aquatic animals including fish will not lay eggs, they will not be able to fertilize the eggs.

About 14 percent of the country's fish demand is met from Haor. For this reason, Haor region of Kishoreganj is also called as one of the fisheries big source of Bangladesh.

According to the sources of District Fisheries Office, 28 thousand 21 tons of fish are produced from Haor in Kishoreganj in the fiscal year 2022-23. On the other hand, as the soil of Haor is very fertile, a lot of paddy is grown here. 25 percent of the country's rice demand is met from the Haor area. In the fiscal year 2022-23, 4 lakh 82 thousand 283 tons of Boro and Aman rice were produced.

Professor Ahmad Qamruzzaman Majumder, dean of the Faculty of Science of Stamford University and an environmental expert, said that the common elements that are in the color (such as benzene, diclovision, tetraclovision, toluene, cadmium, chromium); they contain many types of chemicals. The amount of paint used on the 14-km road in Haor will naturally affect the wetlands, aquatic plants, microscopic aquatic animals and even small fish.

Bangladesh Agricultural University Faculty of Fisheries Professor Dr. Haroon Or Rashid said, "Any type of chemical is a threat to aquatic life. Alpana has been painted over a large area; That must be somewhat harmful to fish and other animals. We have laws to protect the environment, like various mill factory effluents are harmful to rivers. And in that case the environmental law is also applied. Everyone needs to be more careful considering the environment before doing these things.

Environment Department Kishoreganj District Assistant Director Md. Abdullah Al Mateen told the media that the next steps will be taken by talking to the higher authorities.

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'Developing countries like Bangladesh are the first victims of the Middle East crisis'



Ashraful Islam, Planning Editor, Barta24.com, Dhaka
Pic: Barta24.com

Pic: Barta24.com

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Israel-Iran conflict has again become a great threat to the stability of the entire Middle East without the end of Israeli brutality in Palestine along the path of Israel-Hamas conflict. International relations expert Professor of International Relations department of Jahangirnagar University Dr. Shahab Enam Khan thinks so. He said, developing countries like Bangladesh will be the first victims of instability in the Middle East. Referring to this ongoing crisis as 'long-term', Bangladesh should not only rely on garments and remittances to deal with the possible situation, but should prepare international trade diplomacy. The Professor said these things in an exclusive interview given to Barta24.com. Planning Editor Ashraful Islam spoke.

Barta24.com: How to assess the recent tense situation in the Middle East? What kind of global challenges is this creating, especially for developing countries like ours?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: The situation in the Middle East is completely unpredictable and this unpredictability will continue for a long time. This unpredictability is not just like Israel or Iran jumping for a few days and then stopping again. This unpredictability will continue for a long time and will be at the center of Israel. The relationship between the Arab and Western world revolves around Israel. So here is the volatility centered on Israel. And the crux of it is that the Western world handles it. To be clear, the Arab world has no role here except to wage war of words. There is another point - in view of these events, there is now a big polarization between Russia-China-Turkey-Iran, centered on them. On the other hand, there has been a polarization in the Western world around Israel. This polarization will have a huge impact on the global economy. They would like the West to not be able to do this, which would put a huge strain on the global economy and monetary system. The first victims will be the developing countries.

Barta24.com: Does that mean it is becoming clear that the Western monopoly on the world order has collapsed?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: Absolutely. That is why polarization has been created in the world. The Western world has a monopoly on Israel but not Iran. But what will happen to Israel's relationship with the West, how they handle this relationship will depend on how the days ahead will be. What Israel's relationship with the Arabs will be does not matter here.

Barta24.com: Can't we see some kind of contrast between the speeches and statements of the Western countries, especially the United States, and their internal stand...at least when assessing the situation?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: That's right. I will add one more thing, that is - the upcoming election in the United States is also an important issue. Because of this, the Israel-West relationship will remain unstable for a long time. It is precisely because of this that the world economy and monetary system are under great stress which will have an impact on developing countries like Bangladesh.

Barta24.com: What kind of impact do you think?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: First of all, different types of sanctions, alternative currency pressure will come. Secondly, there will be a lot of strategic diplomatic pressure at this time. We have a kind of constitutional commitment to stand by Palestine, we have been showing it. We have taken the same stand in the case of Rohingyas. Stand up for endangered humanity.

Barta24.com: What kind of precautions should we take in terms of reality?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: We need a complete rethinking of international trade. It will not be possible to depend only on garments and remittances. India has not been hit as much by the current world situation or as much as we were by the Ukraine crisis because of the diversity of the Indian economy. I think we have to work hard on four areas. First: Energy security, more precisely we have to achieve self-sufficient energy, which is directly related to national interest. It needs to be mentioned here that many people confuse the national interest of our country with personal interest. In national interest we have to ensure our energy security from indigenous sources. We will not have it with inefficient energy institutions. The entire energy system needs to be overhauled.

Second, our trade diplomacy should not only be verbalized, but trade diplomacy should be strengthened in a practical sense. Among these will be the number one priority, 'Diversity'. That is, various sectors of the economy should be strengthened.

Thirdly, existing relations with Arab countries should be deepened. Also, it is important to create strong alliances with other developing countries that will be affected by this global tension and conflict. We may not be interested in going to BRICS and try to do something ourselves, where our own interests will be prioritized where many countries like Bangladesh are worried about the existing situation. If Bangladesh can bring many economies together to create a collective voice, it will also bring effective results.

Many countries will tell us a lot, but we have to think about how effective it will be in practice. Bangladesh has been talking about trade multi-lateralization for at least a decade, but there is no action on what to export, what to have. Indigenous people are not creating any industry here, nothing much has been done with the potential jute. That means not only words, but a practical effort needs to be taken in the practical sense.

Fourth is to strengthen and expand the internal market. At the moment, the domestic market of Bangladesh is largely dependent. A Cadbury chocolate in India manufactured by themselves to British standards and offered to consumers. There is no more trouble with foreign currency. People are eager to buy old cars in Bangladesh. With such a large market, why is the indigenous car industry not happening here? If it was a country with a small population like Bhutan or the Maldives, one would think so, but that is not the case. We are very relieved to ride in an old car, because the reality is that a car is a necessity. Where economic productivity has increased, scale has increased; Human mobility will naturally increase. But here the productivity and safety of people are being minimized by importing with 200-400% tax.

There is a lot of talk about transitioning into a developing country in 2026, but what will happen to the pharmaceutical industry here? Let the government create APIs with subsidies, let them create commodities - but apart from all this, we are filled with thoughts of impossible adventures which should not be done at all.

Barta24.com: Is excessive bureaucratic reliance a barrier to discouraging possibility and diversity?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: Of course, the economy can never be bureaucratic. Here the private sector needs to be brought into more policy making. Private sector believes in profit. So they always want variety. If bureaucrats could understand export diversification, why did the jute industry fail? I think creative industries should be brought in here by reducing bureaucracy dependence by going for extensive privatization. It will help the country's economy a lot in the current global crisis.

Barta24.com: The tension on the border of Myanmar is not stopping, do you see a sustainable solution?

Dr. Shahab Enam Khan: Sustainable solution will come only when Arakan is stabilized. Bangladesh needs to play a leading role in stabilizing Arakan. It can be done in many ways - single support or contribution to infrastructure development. Steps can be taken to strengthen their civil society, political society. It will be seen that the Americans from across the Atlantic are doing it right. Bangladesh is talking about democracy and then Bangladesh can work to restore democracy there. We need to engage with the actors that are active there, not just the Arakan Army because without them the repatriation of Rohingya will not be possible. The Tatmadaw (Myanmar's government military) will not solve this. Nor will the Rohingya crisis be resolved even if the Tatmadaw takes root in Rakhine. If the Tatmadaw cannot stay, the Arakan Army comes; it will not be a solution if they are not engaged. Although Bangladesh has made a lot of progress on the Rohingya issue in the past year, nothing has happened before.

Edited by: Mahmood Menon, Editor-at-Large, Barta24.com 

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