COP-28 climate conference in Dubai begins today



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The 28th session of the COP (Conference of the Parties) organized by the United Nations is starting from Today (November 30) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. This conference will continue till December 12.

Qatar-based media Al Jazeera reported this information.

This year's COP conference is being organized with more than 70 thousand delegates. However, no head of state or government of the United States, United Kingdom or China is participating in this conference.

Basically these dominant countries are more responsible for releasing more carbon into the atmosphere. According to statistics, the United States, China, India and Russia emit more than 55% of harmful carbon in the world.

Meanwhile, oil is one of the fossil fuels responsible for carbon emissions. One of its biggest producers is the United Arab Emirates. And in that country, discussions on reducing carbon emissions have started.

In addition, Sultan Al-Jaber, the chief executive of ADNOC, the national oil company of the Emirates, has been made the president of COP-28. Therefore, the question has been raised whether he can work honestly to make the conference a success. However, Al-Jaber wants companies to help reduce carbon emissions during oil and gas extraction.

It is known that more businessmen are participating in this conference than any previous conference. Besides, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, British King Charles will also participate in the conference.

On the other hand, should the use of coal, oil and gas be stopped to combat climate change, or should emphasis be placed on technological innovation to reduce the impact of industry on the climate; there is division among countries on that. That divide may be more pronounced this time around at the conference.

So Al-Jaber wants companies to help reduce carbon emissions during oil and gas extraction.

By 2030, the European Union, the United States and the United Arab Emirates want to greatly increase the use of renewable energy. For that they want to make an agreement in this conference. Officials of various countries told Reuters that more than a hundred countries are already in favor of this plan. However, China-India has not fully supported this plan yet.

In this conference, efforts will be made to finalize the formation of funds to compensate for the losses due to natural disasters such as drought and floods in the countries of the world due to climate change. It has already been drafted.

After 1760, when the industrial revolution began in Europe, the dangers of nature began. Since then, carbon emission has started in the world. As a result, the air temperature increases day by day; there is air pollution.

Environmental scientists said that the sea level may rise by at least 1.62 centimeters by the year 2100 due to climate change. As a result, at the end of the twenty-first century, about half a hundred countries will sink to the sea level.

They also think that due to the effect of climate change, sea level rise, salinity increase, river erosion, floods, droughts, fires are increasing.

   

Air strike in northern Gaza, 20 Palestinians killed



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At least 20 people have been killed in Israeli airstrikes in the besieged northern Gaza Strip. More than 30,000 Palestinians have been killed so far by Israeli forces.

This information was published in a report of Anadolu news agency on Sunday (March 3).

According to the report, the airstrikes targeted the Jabalia refugee camp and two houses in the Saftawi area, north of Gaza City.

At least 20 people have been killed, according to local media. The bodies of 20 people were transferred to Kamal Adwan Hospital in northern Gaza after the attack.

The Palestinian Ministry of Health of the Gaza Strip said that 30,410 Palestinians have been killed so far as a result of Israel's attack on Gaza. Most of them are women and children. Besides, another 71 thousand 700 people were injured.

Meanwhile, Egypt's foreign minister Sameh Shoukry, one of the mediators in the Israel-Hamas war, said that a cease-fire may be reached in the Palestinian Gaza Strip before the start of Ramadan. He also said that both sides have agreed on the ceasefire period as well as the release of hostages and prisoners.

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This government is a 'coalition of losers': PTI



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Imran Khan, the former Prime Minister of Pakistan, is accused of more than 150 criminal and civil cases. He is now in jail after being sentenced in multiple cases.

In this situation, a new government has been formed after the general election of the country. Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party called the government a 'coalition of losers', the BBC reported.

Even though Imran Khan is in jail, independent candidates who supported his party in the last February 8 elections have shown surprise. The way Imran campaigned using technology to win elections proved that he is the most popular politician. He is now also the most famous prisoner in the country, number 804.

Before the elections, this number became one of the campaign slogans of pro-PTI candidates. This means that Imran's popularity has been fully utilized by the party's leaders and activists. For this, the role of a group of leaders and activists with information technology knowledge is also significant.

Because, they were the ones who spread the speech of Prisoner Imran in the election campaign using artificial intelligence (AI). WhatsApp groups and websites were opened. Through this, they made Khan's speech artificially and delivered him to crores of voters, especially to the youth.

They took the benefits of it home. But PTI alleged that it was not possible to reap the full benefits due to widespread fraud in the polls.

Analysts are calling Pakistan's new government, which took office on Sunday (March 3) with Shehbaz Sharif as prime minister, shaky.

The recent elections were supposed to bring stability, writes Pakistani writer and journalist Mohammad Hanif. It was much needed to combat inflation and bitter political divisions in the country. But, it was replaced by a minority government, which is not strong at all. Those who joined were reluctant to join.

Imran's supporters campaigned in guerilla style in this election. Despite the obstacles, they were so strong in the polls that it became difficult to contain them through rigging.

Voter response to the Army's tactics in the election was unprecedented. They said, 'We are not as stupid as you think we are. We have the ballot in hand.

Most of Pakistan's politicians have been in jail at one point or another. But no one seems to have had more fun than Imran Khan because he won the election from prison.

On the other hand, he had to play with the tactics of the army as well. The army wanted to convey that Imran Khan and his party were finished. But, that strategy also failed because, before the election, the party organized a team of second-tier leaders and local loyalists to campaign for the victory of the embattled party.

They were sure that their leader would not be allowed to return to power. But they have shown through voting that they did not leave Imran despite the pressure of the army.

After Imran Khan's ouster, he vented his anger not only at his political opponents but also at the army. This also increased his popularity.

PTI supporters have decided to join the opposition. But, Imran Khan prefers to play his politics not in Parliament, but on the streets, public meetings and social media. PTI is terming the new government as a 'coalition of losers'. In fact, it is a coalition of parties that were individually defeated by Imran in the elections.

Many feel that Imran has become a more mature politician in prison.

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Shehbaz Sharif is the new Prime Minister of Pakistan



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Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) President and former Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif has become the new Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Pakistani media Dawn reported that Shehbaz Sharif was elected as the 24th Prime Minister of Pakistan by getting 201 votes in the National Assembly election on Sunday (March 3). And his nearest rival Omar Ayub Khan of PTI got 92 votes.

In April 2022, the coalition government led by Imran Khan's PTI was ousted by the opposition in the National Assembly, the lower house of Pakistan's parliament. Prime Minister Imran resigned. After that, the opposition formed a coalition government in the country under the leadership of Shehbaz Sharif.

National Assembly elections were held in Pakistan on February 8 this year. In this election, no party got the majority to form the government. PTI-backed independent candidates won the most seats. PML-N gets the second highest number of seats. Pakistan People's Party (PPP) was ranked third. ML-N and PPP decided to form a coalition government in alliance.

Apart from the PPP, Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) and Inteqam-e-Pakistan Party supported Shehbaz Sharif for the post of Prime Minister. The Sunni Ittehad Council is supporting PTI leader Omar Ayub Khan.

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Israel has accepted a conditional ceasefire agreement in Gaza



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Israel has conditionally accepted the ceasefire agreement with the Palestinian independence movement Hamas. A senior US official said on Saturday (March 2). Meanwhile, the United States has started dropping relief supplies from the air in war-torn Gaza.

On Sunday (March 3), Qatar-based media Al Jazeera reported this information.

According to the report, the senior US official said that Israel has more or less accepted the ceasefire agreement with Hamas. Now the rest depends on the decision of Hamas.

According to the US administration, the six-week ceasefire agreement between Israel and Hamas will come into effect soon. But its implementation will begin only after the organization agrees to release the most vulnerable hostages held by Hamas and signs the deal.

The cease-fire announcement came hours after a US military cargo plane dropped humanitarian aid into besieged Gaza.

According to the US Central Command, the relief materials that have been given since Saturday include 38,000 packets of food that will ensure the necessary assistance to civilians affected by the ongoing war.

Meanwhile, the United Nations Security Council expressed deep concern about the food crisis in Gaza in a statement on Saturday and called for continuous food aid there.



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